Foreign & General
1. Russo-German Pact signed. Terms given in Berlin (File War etc.) suggest close pact & no “escape” clause. This evening’s radio news gives confirmation in Moscow in same terms. Official statement from Moscow that “enemies of both countries” have tried to drive Russia & Germany into enmity. Brit. Ambassador calls on Hitler & is told no action of ours can influence German decision. Japanese opinion evidently seriously angered by what amounts to German desertion of anti-Comintern pact, & Spanish (Franco) opinion evidently similarly affected. Rumania said to have declared neutrality. Chamberlain’s speech as reported on wireless very strong & hardly seems to allow loophole for escape from aiding Poles.
E. on visiting W[ar].O[ffice]. today derived impression that war is almost certain.
Police arrived this morning to arrange for billeting of soldiers. Some people (foreigners) arrived in afternoon looking for rooms – the second lot in 3 days. In spite of careful listening, impossible in pubs etc. to overhear any spontaneous comment or sign of slightest interest in the situation, in spite of fact that almost everyone when questioned believes it will be war. The Times [a]; Daily Telegraph [b]; News Chronicle [c]; Daily Express [d]; Daily Herald [e]; Daily Mail [f]; London Evening News [g]
1. Emergency Powers Act passed evidently without much trouble. Contains clauses allowing preventive arrest, search without warrant & trial in camera. But not industrial conscription as yet. [Wireless 6 pm]
2. Moscow airport was decorated with swastikas for Ribbentrop’s arrival. M. Guardian adds that they were screened so as to hide them from the rest of Moscow. Manchester Guardian [h]
1. C.P. putting good face on Russo-German pact which is declared to be move for peace. Signature of Anglo-Soviet pact demanded as before. D. Worker does not print terms of pact but reprints portions of an earlier Russo-Polish pact containing an “escape” clause, in order to convey impression that this pact must contain the same. Daily Worker [i]
2. In today’s debate Sinclair & Greenwood spoke strongly in support of Gov.t. Mander spoke demanding “strengthening of Cabinet”. Maxton declared I.L.P. would not support Gov.t. in war. [Wireless 6pm]
 Presumably a file Orwell kept on this subject. Possibly related to his reference ‘File S.P.1.’ Peter Davison